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Decarboxylation is a process that involves heating cannabis or hemp flower to convert inactive cannabinoids, such as THCA and CBDA, into their active forms, THC and CBD respectively. This process is essential for maximizing the potency and effectiveness of products, particularly those intended for consumption through smoking, vaping, or ingesting.

Decarboxylation can be achieved through various methods, but it typically involves exposing cannabis or hemp flower to low heat over some time. This can be done by baking flowers in an oven at a low temperature (usually around 220-240°F or 105-115°C) for a duration ranging from 30 minutes to an hour or more, depending on factors such as the moisture content and density of the flower.

In addition to activating cannabinoids, decarboxylation also helps to enhance the aroma, flavor, and overall quality of the products, making them more enjoyable and effective for consumers. It is an important step in the production of edibles, tinctures, oils, concentrates, and other infused products.