« Back to Glossary Index

Cannabis, also known as marijuana, is a type of flowering plant within the Cannabaceae plant family. Its most well-known species is cannabis sativa, though there are other species such as cannabis indica and cannabis ruderalis.

Cannabis plants are known for their psychoactive and medicinal properties, primarily due to the presence of cannabinoids, terpenes, and other natural compounds.

The cannabis plant has been cultivated and used by humans for thousands of years for various purposes, including medicinal, recreational, industrial, and spiritual use. The plant contains numerous cannabinoids, with THC and CBD being the most abundant and well-studied.

Cannabis has a complex legal status worldwide, with regulations varying greatly from country to country and even within different regions of the same country. In some places, cannabis is legal for medical and recreational use, while in others, it remains strictly prohibited. On the contrary, its close cousin hemp is legal in most places, including the US.